In Part 1 of the Flexible View Control or XPages series, I gave an overview of the control and architecture of how it works. Now we get to see it in action.
Starting with this blog post, I’m going to demonstrate many features of the FVCX by creating an application starting with the FVCX source database. As the series moves on, I’ll be using a separate database to provide the data – a Used Car database with over 2 million records and only a couple of Notes views. Part of demonstrating the FVCX will be sharing Notes view strategies that simplify surfacing of data not just for views, but for other components like typeaheads.
Out-of-the-box the Flexible View Control has very basic styling to make it easier to integrate with whatever UI design you want to use. For my demos, I’m going to utilize Bootstrap.
The included theme has links to a Bootstrap CDN that are commented out. To add Bootstrap I just unhide the css and js links.
Configuring the Database
Now we are ready to get started! Keep reading below or take a look at the video to the right to see the steps below in action.
Configuration involves two steps:
- Creating the config doc used by View Definitions (adminConfig.xsp)
- Creating the first View Definition which is used to display all View Definitions (adminViewDefinitionDoc.xsp)
The purpose of this XPage is to store some basic configuration information that is used when creating View Definitions.
- Rest Service Path – this is the path (<dir>/<database.nsf>) where you will create rest services to retrieve data. If you leave it blank then the control will look in the current database to find rest services.
- Servers – The list of servers that contain databases with views you need to create View Definitions for. This list populates a dropdown on the adminViewDefinitionDoc XPage. Leave blank if you only need to use the current server.
- Databases – The list of databases with views you need to create View Definitions for. This list populates a dropdown on the adminViewDefinitionDoc XPage. This becomes important if you are separating your data from your design.
Click the Save button. A Notes document is created. Verify it is there by looking in the vwConfig view. Now, any time the adminConfig XPage is opened the created doc will be automatically loaded.
Creating the first View Definition
The first View Definition we’re going to create will be to display …. the list of View Definitions. Is your head spinning yet? From the adminConfig XPage click the Create View Definition button.
The adminViewDefinitionDoc XPage opens:
There’s quite a bit to unpack here so let’s start with the basics so we can see what the results look like.
|View Definition||This is the “key” for this view def and should be a unique value. It’s also a good idea to make it url friendly as we will see in future posts. I am calling this view-definitions.|
|Use Rest Service||This value should match the “path-info” of a Domino REST Service control. This is only needed if the value above is different than the path-info of your REST service. I’m leaving this blank.|
|Use Rest XPage||This is the XPage where the REST service for this View Defintion is located. The database comes with a restServices XPage so I enter that value here.|
|Load On Init||When checked, this tells the control to load the view as soon as the control is loaded. Since I want my view to load right away, I select it.|
|Server||This is the list of servers we defined on the adminConfig XPage. I select *current server*|
|Database||This is the list of datbases we defined on the adminConfig XPage. I select *current database*.|
|View||Since I’m creating the “View Definitions” View Definition, I choose that view. (I really didn’t want to write View Definition for a 3rd time. Crap, I did it anyway)|
After selecting the View in the dropdown, all of the columns show up below. Now I can start to configure how the view will look. For my example, I’m select all of the columns except the last one.
The FVCX database comes with an XPage adminViewDefinitions that is used to show all View Definitions in the application. This page has the custom control already dragged onto it and configured to point to our view-definitions view def we just created:
When creating the View Definition above, we told it that our REST service was located on the restServices XPage:
Back to the View Definition… When I click the Save button , I’m automatically redirected to this XPage. Here is what it looks like:
We are off and running with the Flexible View Control. In the next post we will start working with some “real” data.
In my last post, I stated I would be expanding on the topics from my session “Real World XPages” at Collabsphere 2019.
The first topic is A Flexible View Control for XPages, a custom control integrated with jQuery and DataTables that once added to your design (along with it’s companion elements) can easily be added to any XPage and connected to back-end Domino data in minutes through a Domino REST Service or an XAgent.
Why was this created?
- Frustration with the available tools in XPages for displaying view data. Anyone that has tangled with a View Panel knows exactly what I’m talking about.
- Efficiency in development by avoiding recreating the same code over and over again. When I make a change to the design of this control all of the views created with it get the update immediately.
- To minimize view overhead. One view can be reused over and over which minimizes the number of view indexes that need to be built and maintained. Say goodbye to creating a view just because you need to show your data sorted by a different column!
This tool has been battle-tested in production for 4-5 years with every view and embedded view in our huge XPage application utilizing this control to surface data. Over those 4-5 years it has grown and evolved to be extremely flexible and capable of handling many different use cases. It has been, without a doubt, the single most important piece of functionality in our application as it has been leveraged over and over again to surface data.
At CollabSphere Andrew Davis of HCL stated that “XPages is still the recommended technology in the Domino stack to modernize applications” (paraphrasing). Obviously, this could change with Domino V11 and beyond. But wIth the recent chatter about XPages and the desire many still have to continue creating and enhancing applications, my hope is others will find the value in this tool that I have.
How it works
- View Definitions are the ‘wiring’ for the Flexible View Control.
- They are stored as Lotus Notes Documents and act as the View design for the Flexible View Control. This moves much of the management of views out of the actual design element.
- One View can be represented many different ways with different sorting, column orders and even categorization.
- The Lotus Notes View simply acts as a table of data served via REST services.
- View rendering is done client side with DataTables.
How to get the code
The Flexible View Control for XPages is available on github:
Here you will find detailed descriptions of the project assets and custom control properties. Before diving in, I highly recommend absorbing the next few blog posts which will detail and explain how to get everything set up and demonstrate how to make effective use of the control.
- The included theme loads jQuery and DataTables from a public CDN
- The out-of-box UI is very plain to make it easier to integrate with existing projects
- While Bootstrap is not required, the control is already equipped to integrate with Bootstrap
Stay tuned for Part 2 (and beyond) where I will demo how easy it is to get the database/control setup and connected to data!
A short few weeks ago at CollabSphere I was fortunate to have the opportunity to present some functionality that I use everyday in the development of the XPage application that powers our entire business.
The session was titled “Real World XPages” and the presentation is now on Slideshare:
In the coming days and weeks I will be expanding on the topics in the presentation (and adding others) as well as making the code and demos available.
Recently, I came across this post on the #dominoforever ideas forum:
My assumption when reading this is that the OP would like to have this capability in a web application since it’s in the XPages category. Having done something similar in a previous project, I had some code I could dust off to create a quick demo to show how easily functionality like this can be implemented now in XPages.
The project had “silos” that allowed exactly for what the OP is asking for – drag from one column to another while updating the back end such that when the page is refreshed the “tiles” appear in the correct column. Each tile represents one Notes document. I took that, changed a few labels, and called it Kanban Silos:
Take a look at the working demo and drag and drop from one column to another. Refresh the page and you’ll see the changes are reflected on disk. (Note: If multiple people are accessing the demo at the same time the backend may not appear to be updating properly)
How does it work?
- Start with an XPage that contains the structure of the silos (includes Bootstrap and jQuery)
- Get data from a view via REST
- In the ajax callback place the data in the appropriate column based on the status field
- Drag and drop tiles between columns
- Once the drag is complete, call another rest service that updates the Notes document in the back end
If you are using source control in Domino Designer you can get the On Disk Project from GitHub.
Or, just go ahead and download the whole demo database.
Initially, this was a quick demo – silos.xsp contained hardcoded silos in raw html. To make things more Xpage-y, I’ve modified the demo database so that silos.xsp now contains a repeat that looks up to a keyword.
Over the weekend we upgraded our production Domino servers to get to 9.0.1 FP9 HF139(64-bit) & HF137 (32-bit). Well, we “tried” to upgrade the servers.
Then all hell broke loose.
Here’s what we did:
- Primary XPages server with NIFNSF enabled.
- Upgrading from FP8 HF174 to FP9
- Upgrade failed with error “Installer found the incorrect version…”.
- Backup XPages server.
- Upgrading from FP6 to FP9.
- Upgrade failed with error “Lotus Notes/Domino or a Notes/Domino related process is still running”.
- Booted into Safe Mode and installed FP9 and HF62
- Upgrade to FP9 HF137 failed with error “Installer found the incorrect version…”
- Applied JVM Patch 1_8SR4FP10
- Emergency XPages server.
- Upgrading from FP1 to FP7 (in the event there were issues with FP8/FP9 – this ended up being a saving grace)
After upgrading Server2 and attempting to upgrade Server1, both servers started throwing the following exception when attempting to open any Xpage with a document data source:
javax.servlet.ServletException: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: lotus.domino.UserID
The only reference I could find to this specific issue was from this question on server fault.
In addition, Server1 started crashing any time we opened databases in the Notes client and started throwing long held lock dumps … over and over and over again:
Not sure if this was being caused by NIFNSF being enabled on the server? Watching the view indexes on disk, the server was leaving 100s and then 1000s of temp .ndx files on disk as the server crashed over and over again.
Luckily, we intentionally upgraded Server3 to only FP7 in the event that we had issues with the other servers. This saved our ass as we were able to point our users to this server with minimal interruption as we dealt with the issues above.
We were finally able to get Server1 & Server2 upgraded to FP9 HF60.
Here is what we learned in the process:
- If you are receiving the exception “javax.servlet.ServletException: java.lang.NoClassDefFoundError: lotus.domino.UserID” when opening an XPage with a document data source, then the JVM is probably hosed. Once we were able to successfully upgrade to FP9 HF60 then everything was fine, but it doesn’t explain why this issue started on a server where the upgrade process failed initially.
- If, when trying to install a fixpack/hotfix you get the message “Error installing Domino Fixpack: Installer found the incorrect version. . .” then you probably need to install the base version of Domino, in our case 9.0.1 and then the FP you are trying to get to plus the HF you are trying to get to. This is detailed in this technote.
- If, when trying to install a fixpack/hotfix you get the message “Lotus Notes/Domino or a Notes/Domino related process is still running…” then you may need to disable the “Windows Management Instrumentation Service” in the Services list of the server. We PAUSED the service and successfully upgraded the server. See this technote.
Last Tuesday I presented a Webinar on using DataTables with XPages which was hosted by TLCC and Teamstudio. There was a Q&A at the end of the session, but unfortunately due to time constraints we did not get to all of the questions and kind of rushed through the questions we did get to. So I wanted to dedicate a blog post to answering all of the questions that were submitted. Here we go!
Q1: (Submitted by Jena Chinmaya) – Can we use Data table of this format on a regular non xpage classic notes web database ?
A1: Absolutely! A lot of the concepts that were discussed would still apply in a classic Domino Web scenario. The big question that would have to be answered is, how is your data being delivered from the back end to the front end? If you are using a more recent version of Domino (say, 8.5.3 or greater) then you can create an XPage with a REST service control. If you are using an older version of Domino, then you still have a few different options:
- Using a $$ViewTemplateDefault form to display the view. This would be similar to using a xp:repeat in XPages since you would be applying DataTables to an existing html table of data. I created a quick demo so you can get an idea how this would function.
- Use an agent to deliver view data via REST
- Use ajax to get data using the ?readviewentries&outputformat=JSON option of a view url. This method would require some additional work in DataTables to read the data.
Q2: (Submitted by Chris Richards) Could you, using REST services – create one custom control, which you can drop anywhere, and just pass in a cusotm property, namely a view name so that it can be drag/dropped/re-used all over an application with ease?
A2: This can definitely be accomplished and is a great way to make adding view data as simple as drag and drop. I essentially do this now through an extremely configurable custom control. The key to success is making sure that the columns object gets properly defined if you are using JSON data. I hope to make my solution available in the very near future and I’m contemplating a “light” version that I can get out quicker.
Q3: (Submitted by Csaba Kiss) Do you see any performance difference using custom REST service vs standard JSON REST?
A3: While I have not done a direct performance comparison of these REST services, I think it’s reasonable to assume that the more “custom” the custom REST service is, the more it will slow down vs the standard REST service. For example, if while processing each row you are looping through column values to perform actions, you can certainly expect a performance hit. If the custom REST service is just traversing a view, then I would expect the performance to be similar to the standard REST service.
Q4: (Submitted by Jen Watkins) how does one format dates? The format that comes back by default from DataTables is crazy.
A4: I think the format you are referring to is the ISO-8601 format, which you can see in the screenshot below. Actually, this format is being delivered by Domino. You can see this at the bottom of the screenshot in the REST response.
There are a few ways to deal with this:
- When working strictly with dates, my personal preference is to just format the column as text in the view. DataTables recognizes the value as a date and column sorting will work appropriately.
- You can use a renderer to format the date to your preferred format. Here is a great post on the DataTables website demonstrating how to do so. This post references the moment.js library. I use this library as well and it makes working with dates incredibly easy, especially when doing date comparisons.
Q5: (Submitted by Jen Watkins) To filter data before it is returned, for example to return only the data that a particular user is allowed to see, do you have to use the CustomRestService as opposed to the ViewJsonService?
A5: The answer to this question depends on how you have security setup in your application. If your users are authenticating and they are calling REST services that are retrieving data from databases that require authentication, then the appropriate records will be returned based on Domino security.
On the other hand, if you are no so much concerned about security, but want to only show, for example, documents that are assigned to the current user, you can sort or categorize your view on the back end and submit the “keys” attribute with the REST service and the dataset returned will be filtered. You can actually get very creative with using categorized/sorted views to get away from the old Notes habit of having a different view for every different categorization/sort.
Q6: (Submitted by Kevin Gregg) What if you needed to combine data from multiple views into one DataTable – what is a good method of doing that?
A6: When answering this question during the webinar I may have misunderstood the intention of the question so I will answer it in two ways. This question can be interpreted in 2 ways:
- You want to add additional rows – I actually do this a lot. We have 2 databases that store almost identical information. In classic Notes land, we would have to show separate views and embedded views when displaying this information to the user.With DataTables it is very easy to combine data sets, as long as the configuration of the data sets match. What I do is load the initial data, then in the initComplete callback I make an ajax call to the 2nd set of data and then use the add rows functionality of DataTables to merge the data:
- you want to add additional columns – This is akin to having a xp:repeat control and having a column where you perform a @dblookup to another set of data based on information in the original set. For this scenario, the best course of action is probably to use a custom REST service or an XAgent to build the data set on the back end and deliver the completed set to DataTables.
However, you could also accomplish this in DataTables. In your original data set you could have one or more empty cells acting as placeholders. Then, similar as in #1 above, in your initComplete callback you can make an ajax call to another set of data and then using a shared key between the two, insert the retrieved data into the DataTable. I will try to work up an example of this once I can find a few minutes.
Q7: (Submitted by Miguel Angel) How I can lock a document from a datatable to prevent the save replication conflict? How I can show a online message from a Datatables, when a customer made a change at that moment?
A7: The lack of Document locking was certainly one of the early complaints of XPages. Ultimately, people worked around it or rolled their own document locking mechanism. Some of the solutions out there include:
- An OpenNTF project from Frederick Nordling
- This post from StackOverflow
- In our environment, we created our own document locking solution. We needed to do this because we had users that were updating documents in the Notes Client as well as our XPages application.
To relate this to DataTables, if you want to initialize a lock from DataTables, you can do this by adding an onclick or ondblclick event that submits information, such as docid, to a REST service. To release the lock, you would do the same.
To answer your 2nd question, I’m assuming you want to update the current user if data they are looking at was changed in the back end by someone else. Here’s what I think the simplest solution is:
- Add a setInterval to the initComplete callback that retrieves the REST data (or maybe just retrieves a column with date modified value).
- Loop through each record and compare the values to the original DataTable (or compare the date modified column).
- If there is a difference, notify the user. If you are using Bootstrap you can use the alert classes to display a message above the table, for example.
Join me next Tuesday, October 11th for a webinar sponsored by TLCC and Teamstudio – “XPages and jQuery DataTables – Simplifying View creation while maximizing functionality”
In this webinar I will show you how you can use DataTables to create rich, functional views, which is especially relevant if you are modernizing or rebuilding an existing Notes application. While the title references XPages, it is not a requirement. DataTables is compatible with any back end that can deliver data via REST.
You can register here:
I hope to see you there!
If you are modernizing a Notes/Domino application, chances are there are many underlying views that make use of column icons, which have always been one the great little features that users really loved about Notes. As Domino web apps became more prevalent, you could even create img tags that pointed to the icon source files on the server (oooohhhh!).
In the modern app world you are probably using icons that are more … modern, such as Font Awesome.
If you are using jQuery DataTables as well, then it is incredibly easy to add much more functional column icons to your DataTable using a Renderer.
Note: this article assumes the reader has an understanding of how a DataTable is configured using the columns object.
The example below takes the email column and turns it into an icon that, when clicked, will launch a new mail message addressed to the person listed on that line.
We want to turn this:
1.) Setup the view data source that feeds the DataTable.
This can be done by adding a new column to the datasource that contains a JSON string. This is personal preference – you can setup the column however you wish. The important thing is passing the data needed to render the icon to DataTables.
The JSON string in my new column has three properties:
- renderer – has the value “getIcon”.
- icon – this property contains the class(es) of the Font Awesome icon to be used.
- data – this is the raw email address. We want to include this for filtering and sorting.
2.) Now that the data source is setup, update the columns object of our DataTables initilization:
In previous examples our columns object looked like this:
Now, we are replacing the “email” entry with a new entry that will render the Font Awesome icon by using the “render” property of the columns object:
Our view that utilizes the renderer now shows an icon in the email column:
Clicking on one of the mail icons launches a new memo:
Even though our email column is now displaying an icon instead of an email address, we can still filter on email address due to DataTables’ handling of orthogonal data. By filtering on the domain spambob.com, we get only the records that have an email address with that domain.
The working demo for this example can be found here.
Even though this is a fairly basic example, it is incredibly easy to add icons to views created with DataTables – it was simply 2 additional steps. This is only the tip of the iceberg for both Renderers and View Icon Columns.
At MWLUG in August, I presented on using jQuery DataTables with XPages. I finally got the demo database(s) I used in the presentation tidied up and ready for download. Some additional demos have been added since MWLUG.
Better late than never, right?
Get the download here: mwlug-demos
Contents of the zip file:
|datatables.nsf||Contains all demo XPages, resource files, and scripts|
|rest.nsf||Contains REST services and XAgents used by DataTables|
|fakenamesdemo.nsf||Data source – this is the Fake Names database made available by David Leedy. Some modifications have been made for the purpose of these demos|
To get the demo database working:
- Note: I have only tested these demos on 9.0.1
- There are hard coded links to the path xpages\mwlug. You need to place the 3 .nsf files in that path or update the code to your desired path
- Sign the datatables.nsf file. If you are placing the files on a server, sign all 3 databases
- Launch the demo.xsp XPage. This page contains a table of contents of all the demos
I will have the demo database hosted online soon as well.
Online demos can be found here: http://demos.xpage.me/xpages/mwlug/datatables.nsf/demo.xsp
and I plan on adding additional demos to this database as I touch in different topics.
Last week at MWLUG in Austin I was fortunate to be given the opportunity to speak for the first time at a conference. I was very happy with the turnout for my session as well as the positive feedback from the content. I even got a thank you at the airport on the way out of town. (thanks, Tom!).
The slides are available here:
During the session there were some very good questions, which made me realize I probably need to clarify some things in my presentation and fill in some gaps. Over the next few weeks/months I plan on doing that, as well as expanding on some of the topics I covered.
From the conference as a whole, I took away some great information and hope to start utilizing it immediately. The tone of the conference was clear – CYA by looking at non-Domino options. I should note here that the concepts I covered in my session apply to any environment where data is being delivered via REST, not just Domino/XPages.
From a personal standpoint, I need to get better at meeting more people at conferences like these. It isn’t a strength, but needs to become one. I did have some great conversations and was able to do a little brainstorming with Red Pill about their graph implementation. I am really, really intrigued by the possibilities that provides.
Finally, thank you to Richard Moy and the team that made MWLUG a great success. Can’t wait until next year.